In his meeting with China’s Xi Jinping, Obama most likely thought the talks would be of a “new pattern of major power relations”. But Xi is the “China dream”—a phrase meant to serve as the ideological basis of Xi’s domestic, regional and international ambitions. The term China dream gained prominence immediately after the 18th Communist Party congress in late 2012, when members of the newly invested Politburo attended and exhibition in Beijing. “The Road to Revival”, There Xi equated the dream with the revival of China, Embodying the hopes of generations of Chinese to come.
If the notion of China dream seems vague for the first time in the history of communist china the ruling cadre includes not revolution-era figures to lend it gravitas and political legitimacy. The China dream references a national resurgence without striking a plangently nationalist chord. Anything good wills contribute to the realization of the China dream, while anything bad will push it further into the distance. Xi has reinjected ideology into the party’s political discourse, even if it’s ideology- lite.
Over the last decades the role of ideology has shifted away and th e party is now adopted Deng Xiaoping’s mantra, “to become rich is glorious,”. The decision of Jiang to allow entrepreneurs into the party further moved it away form its Maoist roots. Today’s’ party is communist on in the sense that it comprises a small minority of the population. Egalitarianism, microeconomic planning (often down to the level of individual farmers) and limited disparities between rich and poor have fallen by the wayside.
“I don’t think China can sustain super-high-or ultra-high speed growth,” Xi said at the Boao Forum for Asia in April. Xi’s China dream ties the party to the long-term task of leading China’s renewal and returning it to a leading place among the world’s nations.
Under his predecessor, Hu Jinato he inherited economic reform ground to a halt. Hu rule was a period of stasis and retrenchment in the political arena as well. Hu failed to establish any kind of political legacy for the party.
Hu’s era of stagnation left XI with little room to maneuver, without the support of a revolution era figure, Xi will likely face greater challenges to his authority form within the party.
Other problems that HU bequeathed to Xi include a degraded natural environment and rising ethnic tensions with increasing numbers of Tibetan self-immolations and Uighur riots in Xinjiang.
China has also pushed Malaysia, the Philippines, and India on territorial issues. China had s defended authoritarian regimes, exercising its veto in the UN on behalf of Syrian Assad and opposing further sanction on Iran, and cooperating with the likes of Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe and Sudan’s Omar Bashir.
Source=—weekly standard, dean cheng